Convention On Choice Of Court Agreements United States
1. A contracting state may declare that its courts recognize and enforce the judgments of the courts of other contracting states that have been appointed in a court agreement between two or more parties, which meets the requirements of paragraph (c) of Article 3, and, for the purposes of resolving disputes that have arisen or may arise in relation to a particular legal relationship. , a court or court in one or more contracting states (a non-exclusive court decision). 2. If the recognition or execution of a decision made in a contracting state that has made such a statement is requested in another contracting state that has made such a statement, the judgment under this Convention is recognized and enforced if – (1) in this Convention “Judgment” any decision on the reasoned benefits of a court, regardless of its name , including an order or order, and a finding of costs or expenses by the court (including a Tribunal official) to the extent that the decision relates to a decision on the merits that can be recognized or applied under this agreement. A provisional protection measure is not a judgment. 2. For the purposes of this agreement, an entity or person other than a natural person is considered to be resident in the state – 1. This Convention is interpreted to the extent possible to the extent that it is compatible with other treaties in force for the contracting states, whether they were concluded before or under this Convention.
2. This Convention does not affect the application of a treaty by a contracting state, whether concluded before or under this Convention, where neither party is established in a contracting state that is not a party to the treaty. 3. This Convention does not affect the application by a contracting State of a treaty concluded for that State party prior to the entry into force of this Convention if the application of this Convention is inconsistent with that contracting state`s obligations to a non-party state. This paragraph also applies to contracts that reverence or replace a treaty concluded for that State party prior to the entry into force of this Convention, unless the revision or replacement leads to further contradictions with this Convention. 4. This agreement does not affect the application of a treaty, whether concluded before or after this Convention, by a contracting State for the purpose of recognizing or enforcing a court decision of a contracting state that is also a party to this treaty. However, the judgment is not recognized or enforced to a lesser extent than under this Convention. 5. This Convention does not affect the application of a treaty by a contracting state which, on a particular issue, regulates the jurisdiction, recognition or enforcement of decisions, even if it is concluded under this Convention and even if all the States concerned are parties to this Convention. This paragraph applies only if the State Party has made a declaration on the treaty under this paragraph. In the case of such a declaration, other contracting states are not required to apply this Convention to this specific issue, to the extent that it is incorrect when an exclusive forum agreement refers to the courts or one or more specific courts of the State party that made the declaration.
(6) This Convention does not affect the application of the rules of a regional economic integration organization that is a party to this convention, whether it was adopted before or under it, the Convention on the Election of Judicial Conventions was negotiated at the Hague Conference on Private International Law. The agreement applies only to provisions contained in written contracts between companies that expressly opt for a jurisdiction to decide disputes arising from that agreement.